TOEFL Writing Guide – High Score Strategy

The TOEFL writing section is a crucial part of the exam, testing your ability to express ideas clearly and coherently in English. This article will provide you with valuable insights and practical tips to excel in this section.

Understanding the Structure

The writing section consists of two tasks: Integrated Writing Task and Academic Discussion Writing Task. Each task evaluates different aspects of your writing skills.

Integrated Writing Task

In this task, you will read a passage and listen to a lecture. Your goal is to summarize the main points of both sources and show how they relate.

To succeed, follow these steps:

  1. Skim and Scan: Quickly read the passage and take notes on the main ideas and key details.
  2. Listen Actively: Pay attention to the lecture, noting any contrasting or supporting points.
  3. Plan Your Response: Organize your thoughts before writing. Create a clear outline to follow.

Tips to Improve Integrated Writing Skills:

  • Practice paraphrasing and build your vocabulary to express ideas in different ways.
  • Hone your ability to identify main points in lectures and summarize them effectively.
  • Engage in discussions with study partners to compare notes and perspectives.
  • Read and summarize articles on similar topics to enhance your analytical skills.

Academic Discussion Writing Task

For this task, candidates must also be able to write essays that express and support their opinions in simulated online class discussions. In this type of writing question, candidates are required to state their views and provide arguments on a specified topic.

To succeed, follow these steps:

  1. Expanding Text Ideas: respond to or build on ideas expressed in other text.
  2. Expressing Perspectives: clearly state or elaborate on a position or argument.
  3. Effective Academic Language: show accurate and meaningful use of a range of grammatical structures and vocabulary in the academic context

Tips to Improve Academic Discussion Writing Skills:

  • Practice writing responses to articles expressing opinions and explaining your agreement or disagreement.
  • Elaborate on your ideas with robust supporting arguments and examples.
  • Correct recurring grammar mistakes by learning from them and revising your work.


Mastering the TOEFL writing section requires practice and a clear understanding of the tasks. Remember to structure your essays effectively, provide supporting examples, and use clear language. By following these tips, you’ll be well on your way to success in the writing section.

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